I keep coming across this document and find it full of interesting details:
Great Microprocessors of the Past and Present.
(First appeared on Usenet, I think, but even this 1992 version is already labelled V3.0.0)
If all that concentration of technical detail is too much, here’s another list, more about humans:
Recent Processor Architects (aka Who are the computer architects?)
(via a mention on https://retrocomputing.stackexchange.com/)